chemical element with the symbol N, whose gas form is 78% of the Earth's atmosphere. Menu. Many of these chemicals are important nutrients for the soil and organisms that depend on soil for life, such as plants. It may be of Aramaic origin, corresponding to the Syriac word for chickpeas: ḥem(m)ṣē. a dark brown or black colloidal mass of partially decomposed organic matter in the soil. When the material had reached the condition of humus, the bacterial activity decreased to the point where fertility was restored. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. When you reach out to him or her, you will need the page title, URL, and the date you accessed the resource. You cannot download interactives. 1 of 3, Northern Nut Growers Association Thirty-Fourth Annual Report 1943. able to produce crops or sustain agriculture. When plants drop leaves, twigs, and other material to the ground, it piles up. humus The soil is continually moist and covered with a thick layer of leaves and decaying humus. Definition of Humus. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Dictionary ! [Colloquial Arabic ḥummuṣ, chickpeas, variant of Arabic ḥimmaṣ, ḥimmiṣ, possibly of Aramaic origin; akin to Syriac ḥem (m)ṣē, chickpeas.] Students explore a map showing cropland density around the world. This material is called leaf litter. In Italian terra seems often to mean tellus, often humus, very rarely ager, constantly oppidum or castrum. All rights reserved. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. a paste or dip made of chickpeas mashed with oil, garlic, lemon juice, and tahini and usually eaten with pita. humus the organic material that is derived from the breakdown of plant and animal material occurring in the surface layers of the soil. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2020, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition This material is called leaf litter. As humus humus definition: 1. dark earth made of organic material such as decayed leaves and plants 2. dark earth made of…. What is hummus? Although the terms humus and compost are informally used interchangeably, they are distinct soil components with different origins; humus is created through anaer… This will take you to the definition of Humus. material that forms when plant and animal matter decays. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 26:183–220 doi : 10.1016/0038-0717(94)90161-9 ^ Humintech® | Definition Of Soil Organic Matter & Humic Acids Based Products materials left from a dead or absent organism. Kara West. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. All rights reserved. Definition of hummus in the dictionary. the dark organic material in soils, produced by the decomposition of vegetable or animal matter and essential to the fertility of the earth. Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society. top layer of the Earth's surface where plants can grow. Humus is black and colloidal in nature, coating the soil particles and improving the fertility of soil in several ways: The word humus is used incorrectly in a lot of places. dead plant material such as leaves, twigs, pine needles, and bark that accumulates on the ground. Air and water move easily through the loose soil, and oxygen can reach the roots of plants. Humus is one of the most abundant forms of organic matter present on the Earth’s surface (Anderson, 1979) and it consists of a complex mixture of many different compounds of difficult definition, characterized by molecular weights ranging from 700 to 300,000 Da. Hilary Hall Humus is dark, organic material that forms in soil when plant and animal matter decay s. When plants drop leaves, twigs, and other material to the ground, it piles up. Nitrogen is a key nutrient for most plants. 1. n. That portion of the soil formed by the decomposition of animal or vegetable matter. noun the dark organic material in soils, produced by the decomposition of vegetable or animal matter and essential to the fertility of the earth. At each step up the food chain, only 10 percent of the energy is passed on to the next level, while approximately 90 percent of the energy is lost as heat. 1145 17th Street NW noun Middle Eastern Cooking. Even though some people refer to leaf mold as humus–it is not the correct definition. The People’s Choice 2020 Word Of The Year: 2020 Was A $#@#%%$@! One of the most important is nitrogen. Humus: the portion of the soil caused by the decay of animal or vegetable matter. Meaning of hummus. Tim Gunther, Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing 1790–1800;