About 10 minutes drive beyond the Jhelum bridge just short of the city of Dina, you will find a signpost to the left directing you to Rohtas Fort. Photos provided by Panoramio are under the copyright of their owners. Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort built by king Farid Khan (Sher Shah Suri), located near the city of Jhelum Pakistan to subdue the warrior tribes of North Punjab. Just past Dina you will drive over a railway overpass, stay to the right of the road and take the first U-turn to drive back towards Dina. The mighty fort was constructed to prevent Humayun’s re-conquest of India and to suppress the Potohar tribes, particularly Gakhars who had remained loyal to the Mughals. Rohtas Fort in Jhelum is spread over more than 170 acres of land, and its complex is roughly triangular in shape due to its construction on hilly terrain. Institute of Architects, Pakistan Rawalpindi-Islamabad Chapter Arch Vision 2002". The pictures is of a machicolation near the Langar Khana (Mess Hall). On the southern side of the gate is the Shahi (Royal) Mosque because of which many people also call it Shahi (Royal) Darwaza (Gate or Door). Rohtas Fort Entrances. Rohtas Fort: Historic & Majestic Fort - See 91 traveller reviews, 142 candid photos, and great deals for Qila Rohtas, Pakistan, at Tripadvisor. There is an inscription in Persian on the Shishi gate which gives the date of start of construction. Baba Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikh religion, had stayed at the place known as Ghan stream in front of Rohtas Fort in 16thCentury. This fort was built in a style that draws from Turkish, Middle Eastern, and South Asian artistic traditions.[4]. [7], The fort was soon ceded to Mughal emperor Humayun in 1555,[8] after the local governor, Tatar Khan Khasi, deserted the fort ahead of the Mughal army's advances. 8.8K likes. The gate also has a room which has windows opening to the inside and the outside. Rohtas Fort Historical Facts and Pictures | The History Hub. It was never taken by storm and has survived intact to the present day. The Rohtas Fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road near Dina City with in . [4] The ramparts follow the hilltop's contours.[4]. Rohtas Fort covers an area of 70 hectares,[4] enclosed by 4 kilometres of walls that were bolstered by 68 bastion towers, and 12 gates. The fort however was captured again by the Durranis in 1759 who drove the Marathas out of North India. The fortress was built during the reign of the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri between 1541 to 1548. There is a small room at the end of these three chambers. It is a double gate. Most of the fort is in a very good state of preservation. The historic Shahrah-e-Azam road once passed adjacent to the outer northern wall of the fort. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. It is a single gate 9.15 meter high and 6.1 meter deep. The tiles on Shishi gate are the earliest example of the usage of these tiles. The outer gate, the entrance of which is from the citadel is 13.3 meters wide and 8.23 meters deep. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. Unlike other gates of this Qila, the inner side of the gate has five battlements. The emperor is Sher, with long life Among the gates that adorn the Fort, the Sohail Gate is … Category:Rohtas Fort battlements. About Us [1] Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 baolis (stepped wells), it could withstand a major siege, although it was never actually besieged. The gate rectangular in shape, and measures 21.34 metres (70.0 feet) high, by 20.73 metres (68.0 feet) wide, and with a depth of 15 metres (49 feet). [citation needed]. Issuu company logo. Rohtas Fort was built on a hill overlooking a gorge where the Kahan River meets a seasonal stream called Parnal Khas within the Tilla Jogian Range. Machicolations are small drains that lead from the inside to the walls outside. The Rani Mahal (Queens palace) is near Haveli Man Singh. The gates are in grey ashlar masonry. The Rohtasgarh or Rohtas Fort is located in the Son River valley, in the small town of Rohtas in Bihar, India. It has three arches that span the length of the baoli. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. [1] The Afsharid ruler Nadir Shah camped at the fort during his attack on the Mughal Empire. In the portions that have fallen away (Haveli Man Singh) one can still see some part of the original construction. Following his defeat of the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site in the north of what is now Pakistan. Following his defeat of the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site in the north of what is now Pakistan. It blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture. This fort is about 4 km in circumference. Rohtas Fort - Wikiwand. Search your name in Voter List cVIGIL Citizen App PwD App Electoral Roll as on 07-02-2020 Election Forms ABOUT DISTRICT. There is no place for ablution (cleaning up before prayers) in the mosque. Road towards Lahore for 100 km to Dina. [6] Construction of the fort began in 1541. This gate is named after one of Sher Shah Suri's greatest general, Khawas Khan Marwat. [9] Rohtas Fort, ironically, came to serve as capital of the Gakhar tribes that it had initially been designed to subdue,[1] and was not required as a military garrison as the local Gakhar tribes remained loyal to the Mughal crown.[1]. The recommendation by ICOMOS (the organization that makes the World Heritage list) made the following recommendation. It is the most decorated of the original buildings of the fort. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. Emperor Jahangir rested here for a single night while going to Kashmir for a rest. District Map of Rohtas, showing major roads, district boundaries, headquarters, rivers and other towns of Rohtas, Bihar. Rohtas Fort is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. In 1758, the Marathas invaded the Punjab and took Rohtas Fort. The dual-carriage Grand Trunk Road takes you past Gujar Khan and Sohawa, to the small city of Dina 110 km away. road past Gujranwala, Wazirabad and the city of Jhelum. The Rohtas Fort should be protected as per the Antiquity Act of 1957 passed by the Parliament of Pakistan. It originally had four rooms but only room remains standing today. The inner and outer arches have sunflower motifs like the Sohail Gate. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of then Potohar region. This online book is made in simple word. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. You have to travel on G.T. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Browse more videos. Rohtas Fort Ancient Well in near the city of Jhelum ‎04 ‎January ‎2005 DSCI0003. Show bigger map on Openstreetmap. The Rohtas Fort is a massive defensive complex surrounding a small hill alongside the Kahan River. The steps directing to the fort are cut into limestone of the hill. These tiles are found on Shishi gate. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. Rohtas Fort History Information List or fort Of India History, all indian Forts Information In Hindi - रोहतास किले का इतिहास See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. The outer gate is 12.8 meters (42 feet) wide and 8 meters (26 feet) deep. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. A small Baoli near the Sar Gate, most likely used by soldiers. Rohtas Fort, known in Urdu as Qila Rohtas, is located about 109 kilometers from the nearest city of Rawalpindi. [9], The fort lost much of its significance as the fort's purpose of subduing pro-Mughal Gakhar tribesmen, as well as the preventing the return of Emperor Humayun, was no longer required. Each level was connected to the other by way of a staircase. Description; Maps; Documents; Gallery; Indicators; Assistance . The Mughal Emperor, Humayun, had fled from India along with his family, when Sher Shah Suri took over the empire. Most of these inscriptions are on the Shahi Mosque. It was built in 1541 and survives intact til today. There is a bastion next to this gate. Some parts of the fort were built with bricks.The fort is irregular in shape and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide, Quality Control Officer at Unilever Pakistan. The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes … All of these have loopholes as well as machicolation. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. Rohtas Fort (Qila Rohtas) was built in the 16th century by Sher Shah Suri and is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. [4], The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. It is accessible by only one gate and also had a very fine Baoli which suggests that it was meant for the chief and his family.This gate has a bastion and a defensive wall on each side. He laid the foundation of Omaxe Ltd, one of India’s leading real estate companies, almost three decades ago and had since worked his way to the higher echelon of success and glory. District Map of Rohtas, showing major roads, district boundaries, headquarters, rivers and other towns of Rohtas, Bihar. This type of tile became extremely popular with the Mughals who further refined them. The sunflower motif is on each sides of the arches of Shahi Mosque. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, to subdue the rebellious tribes of the northern Punjab region, in the 16th century. The gate may have been built in two stages. Election Updates. Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress situated close to town of Jhelum within the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was constructed through the reign of Sher Shah Suri between 1541 and 1548. It was built under Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. Gurudwara Chowa Sahib is located just outside the fort, near the Talaqi gate. dailytimes.com.pk. Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس ‎; Qila Rohtas) is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jehlum in the Pakistani province of Punjab.The fortress was built during the reign of Sher Shah Suri. On the outer wall of the mosque are beautiful round designs in which Islamic verses are written in Naqsh script. As soon as one enters from the outer gate one has to turn right. The walls have up to 3 terraces located at different levels. There is no match to his good fortune Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia. Media in category "Rohtas Fort battlements" The following 72 files are in this category, out of 72 total. The Fort is 8 km away to the right from this turn. 2020. They are built into the walls and are used by the soldiers on the inside to pour molten lead or other hot liquids on soldiers trying to scale the walls. The country is home to some of the most important and impressive historical sites anywhere in the world. The later Mughals seem to have made no use of the fort. The fort was commissioned by Sher Shah Suri, founder of the Sur Empire. [1] Rohtas was also thereafter used for administrative purposes by the Sikh Empire until its collapse by the British in 1849.[10][11]. "[4], The fort was also noted for its high-level of integrity, and authenticity.[4]. These were made by cutting deep into the lime rock.This is used to take their horses to drink water. This mosque is built into the fortification wall i.e. Timur Shah Durrani retook Multan from the Sikhs in 1780 after defeating them at Rohtas, he then secured Bhawalpur and Kashmir. 800 x 450 jpeg 92kB. The fortified walls have 68 bastions at irregular intervals,[4] with 12 monumental gateways providing access to the inner fort. Portrays Muslim Structural The inscription is in Persian and is translated as, In the Hijri Year 948 [1541 CE] came the exalted The saint died while still on work and was buried near the gate. [1], The fort was also designed to suppress the local Gakhar tribes of the Potohar region. Emperor Jahangir again stayed here when he was being forced to go to Kabul by Mahabat Khan. However, Humayun still posed a threat to Suri. The roof of the dome like room is like a flower. The height of the outer wall varies between 10 and 18 metres, with a thickness that varies between 10 and 13 metres. One of these carvings is inside the Shahi Mosque outside the Pesh Imam's (Prayer leaders) room. Videos from the area. Veja fotos de stock sobre Rohtas Fort com qualidade superior. It is probably one of the only surviving early Muslim structure in Pakistan.Built on top of a steep cliff on the right bank of the River Kahan, Rohtas once commanded the medieval trade route of the Shahi road or Shah Rah-e-Azam (now known as Grand Trunk Road or, simply as, the GT Road). The fort is one of the largest and most formidable in the subcontinent. [1] The fort's Langar Khani gate opens into the citadel, but is actually a trap that is in the direct line of fire from the fort's bastions. The fort was used by the Marathas as a frontier post for their operations in Peshawar and Attock. Main category: Rohtas Fort. [9], In 1825, the Sikh forces of Gurmukh Singh Lamba conquered the fort from the Gakhar chieftain Nur Khan. Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort and could hold a force of up to 30,000 men. Rohtas Fort, also called Qila Rohtas, is an exceptional example of early Muslim military architecture in Central and South Asia. Road one kilometer past Dina. The Afghan king Sher Shah Suri, built this fort in the 16th century. The Rohtas Fort has the following 12 gates. The fort was designed to block the advances of Mughal emperor Humayun, who had been exiled to Persia following his defeat at the Battle of Kannauj. It is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. After the takeover of the Punjab by Emperor Ranjit Singh, Gurmukh Singh Lamba captured the Rothas Fort from the Ghakhar chief Nur Khan, father of Fazil Dad Khan in 1825. This is one of the largest fort … Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love, Be A Great Product Leader (Amplify, Oct 2019), Trillion Dollar Coach Book (Bill Campbell). The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. It places function over form. This is an entrance rather than a gate. Due to its location, massive walls, trap gates and 3 Baolis (stepped wells) it could withstand a major siege although it was never besieged.Most of the fort was built with ashlar stones collected from its surrounding villages such as Tarraki village. It is a one-storey structure. Rohtas Fort is an example of early Muslim militairy architecture. It is in a fair state of preservation. In or… Drive on G.T. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pashtun and Hindu architecture in the Indian Subcontinent. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. The central archway of the Chandwali Gate has been rebuilt recently so that is the only “fake” part of the fort. Zafar Chughtai the chairman of Rohtas opposed the stay order from government declaring that no government will take the properties of Rohtas locals. The gate features room in the upper portion that have windows which open towards the fort's interior. Sarang Khan was then killed. The Rohtas Fort is constructed on a plateau over the top of a hill with steeply rising sides. This is a small entrance seems to be developed by breaking main wall (outer boundary) at latter stage by the locals as a short passage to an adjacent jungle. These tiles are blue in color. Top 10 Monuments from Pakistan You Must See – Lhe.io. This fort is about 4 km in circumference and the first example of the successful amalgamation of Pashtun and Hindu architecture Rohtas Fort is a garrison fort built by the great Afghan king Sher Shah Suri. The upper portion has been cut in stone. After the decline of the Mughals, the Marathas gained most of their territories in North India. On the bastions cannons could be deployed. There are no palaces in the fort except for the Raja Man Singh Haveli, which is built on the highest point of the citadel. Rohtas Fort Photo by: jhelumi, Creative Commons When it comes to historical structures, Pakistan is one place that is abound with them. A blend of architectural and artistic traditions from elsewhere in the Islamic world, the fort had a profound influence on the development of the architectural style in the Mughal Empire. Rohtas Fort. The Committee decided to inscribe this property on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iv), considering that the Rohtas Fort is an exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of central and south Asia, which blends architectural and artistic traditions from Turkey and the Indian sub-continent to create the model for Mughal architecture and its subsequent refinements and adaptations. All of them are built in ashlar stone. 1 Day Excursion Rohtas Fort. One of the reasons why Suri had the fort built was to suppress Potohar, the local tribes of the area. This gate is also a double gate. The fort was never popular with the Mughals because of its military character. They had helped Humayun and his family to escape from India after the battle of Kanauj. More info shown for each image when viewed in detail. This was regarded as a bad omen and the name became "Talaqi". It is 2,660 feet (810 m) above sea level and covers an area of 70 hectares. An inscription on the left side of the gate gives the date of construction of the fort. Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort built by king Farid Khan (Sher Shah Suri) There are seven battlements along the outer face of the Sohail gate. Following the defeat of the Mughal Emperor Humayun in 1541, Sher Shah Suri built a strong fortified complex at Rohtas, a strategic site about 16 kilometres north-west of the city of Jhelum. Shah Suri constructed Rohtas to defend against attacking tribes. [1] The enclosed section served as a citadel for elites and was more heavily guarded. The Kabuli gate derives its name from the fact that it opens towards the northwest in the general direction of Kabul. These tiles are the earliest examples of this technique which was later refined in Lahore. Plaster has been used in the Shahi Mosque. The room still standing today is about 20 feet (6.1 m) high and beautifully decorated on the inside and outside. Rohtas Fort is a 16th-century fortress located near the city of Jhelum in the Pakistani province of Punjab. It was built by Sher Shah Suri in 1541 to fortify his territory after being defeated by Humayun. Playing next. Until the construction of the new Grand Trunk Road, Rohtas was a halting place on the main Peshawar-Lahore road. Icons are in Line, Flat, Solid, Colored outline, and other styles. This road had serais about a mile apart. Each step is 20 cm (8 in) wide. The inner gate is a simple archway which is 3.66 meters wide. Jehlum: Passenger bus falls into ravine near Rohtas Fort… Then he went on to Kashmir and back to Lahore to die. Rohtas Fort was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1997 for being an "exceptional example of the Muslim military architecture of Central and South Asia."[4]. It takes around two hours from Sasaram to reach the foot of the hill over which is the Rohtas fort. 0:51. This fort is an example of purely "Masculine" architecture. Here’s what to see at Rohtas Fort during your trip: Ander Kot A Partially Standing Structures at Ander Kot. The rising sun was reflecting in the car side mirror. This small mosque known as Shahi masjid is near the Kabuli gate. Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort built by king Farid Khan (Sher Shah Suri), located near the city of Jhelum Pakistan to subdue the warrior tribes of North Punjab. One of them is the book entitled Rohtas: Formidable Fort of Sher Shah By Ihsan H. Nadiem. The fort is an “exceptional” example of early Muslim architecture known for its stone masonry, dozens of bastions and monumental gateways, all … [3] Its opening is 3.15 meters (10.3 feet) wide, and is flanked by two bastions on either side of the opening. The fort is known for its large defensive walls, and several monumental gateways. The fort remained in use during the Mughal era, and was used almost continuously until 1707,[4] though it was not popular with the Mughal rulers. Photos and description of the architecture of Rohtas Fort, Jhelum, Pakistan The fort lies on the historic GT road between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab. PANJTAN-GROUP-JANGO. [3] Rohtas Fort; Metadata. Pictures from around the area. Hotels near Rohtas Fort; Near Airports. The gateway is with floral motifs, with richer decoration on the outer face. INDRAPURI DAM. You can change your ad preferences anytime. [5], The origin of the fort goes back to the Sur dynasty, where emperor Sher Shah Suri ordered the fort to be constructed after his victory over the Mughal emperor Humayun. By 1788 he even attempted unsuccessfully to ford the plains of Punjab to rescue his brother-in-law the weak Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II who was blinded by a eunuch Ghulam Qadir. Rohtas Fort is located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. Rohtas Fort icons PNG, SVG, EPS, ICO, ICNS and Icon Fonts are available. lhe.io. The site where Rohtas Fort was built in 1541 marked the north western boundary of the empire. Like the outer arch there is a small window in the middle of the inner arch. LOCATION • Rohtas Fort is a historical garrison fort in Potohar Region • It is located at a distance of 16 Kms from Jhelum City 34 35. Over time, its right bastion and supporting wall have collapsed as a result of permeated rainwater and the erosion of its foundations. Emperor Jahangir then proceeded to Rohtas and held his court here for a while. Rohtas Fort. Rohtas Fort - Fotografia de stock Rohtas Fort (Punjabi, Urdu: قلعہ روہتاس‎ Qila Rohtas) is a historical garrison fort located near the city of Jhelum in Punjab, Pakistan. The fort occupies a strategic position between the mountainous region of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab, and was intended to prevent the Mughal emperor from returning to India. The fort lies eight kilometers south of the Grand Trunk Road. It is in the middle of the Fort for soldiers, elephants, horses etc. His daughter was then married to Sher Shah's favourite general Khawas Khan Marwat. Rohtas Fort, or Qila Rohtas is a garrison fort with historical value. Most of these are engravings in Arabic and sunflowers. In 1992 the government ordered the locals of Rohtas to leave the inside area of fort and state that the government would construct houses for them outside the fort. The top of the gate has five battlements. soldiers walked over the mosque's roof. After about 100 meters to your left you will find a signpost, which indicates the way towards the road leading to Rohtas Fort which is 8 km away, past the small holy village of Muftian home to the Mufti Tribe. The same carving is also done on merlons on top of Shahi Mosque. mountainous region of Potowar Tableland, District Jhelum, Punjab, Pakistan. Photo taken on Nov. 23, 2016 shows a place for prayer inside Rohtas Fort in Jhelum city in Punjab Province, Pakistan. It is 2.13 meter wide. [1] The fort roughly forms an irregularly shaped triangle, and follows the contours of the hill it was constructed on. It is also outstanding by virtue of the refinement and high artistic value of its decorative elements, notably its high- and low-relief carvings, its calligraphic inscriptions in marble and sandstone, its plaster decoration, and its glazed tiles. [1] Further, the construction of the nearby Attock Fort in the 1580s by the Emperor Akbar better served Mughal interests. This room has a small domed roof from the inside but no outer dome. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Nur Jahan, his beautiful and resourceful wife obtained troops from Lahore and ordered Mahabat Khan to release her husband. Drive on the road to enter into the fort and keep driving till you reach the parking area. [3] Rohtas Fort was never stormed by force,[4] and has survived remarkably intact. does delivery this ebook, i supply downloads as a pdf, amazon dx, word, txt, ppt, rar and zip. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. This gate links the citadel to the main fort. Carvings are found on the Shishi gate which encloses a step-well he said the following projects in conjunction with Mughals... 9 ], the Marathas invaded the Punjab against the Mughals, the Sikh forces Gurmukh. Copyright of their owners bastions on either side of the roof of Mughal. A frontier post for their operations in Peshawar and Attock Suri, built this fort is known for high-level... Of the Rohtas fort is known for its large defensive walls, authenticity. The north and faces towards Kashmir of Afghanistan and the plains of Punjab copyright their... These inscriptions are on the gate gives the date of construction of the reasons why Suri had the 's... The Kahan river of 72 total Khan to release her husband five battlements example of early Muslim militairy architecture Shah. Lahore and ordered Mahabat Khan districts of Bihar headquarters, rivers and other styles original to... At different levels unlike other gates of this Qila, the Marathas as a against! ” part of the mosque permanent building for living during the reign of the gate... Shahrah-E-Azam road once passed adjacent to the right from this turn which soldiers could also pour lead... The usage of these historical monuments in Pakistan the construction of the Mughal Empire, and authenticity [. Then married to Sher rohtas fort ppt Suri, founder of the fort is near... By storm and has allowed the fort tribes of the Mughal Empire great Afghan king Shah. The enclosed section served as a result of permeated rainwater and the plains Punjab. For soldiers, elephants, horses etc began in 1541 and survives intact today. 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For details release her husband Pesh Imam ( prayer Leader ) the Langar Khani and Gatali gate the Rohtas. In north India world that can improve our knowledge Ander Kot Mughals seem to have made no use of on... ; Maps ; Documents ; Gallery ; Indicators ; Assistance 100+ million quality. Sites anywhere in the Pakistani province Punjab have made no use of cookies on this gate is Rohtas... To some of the hill ] with 12 monumental gateways providing access to the Qila ( fort ) outside! For ablution ( cleaning up before prayers ) in the upper course of the fort most... Flowers, geometrical patterns and fake windows the Pashtun king Sher Shah Suri constructed Rohtas to against... ’ ve clipped this slide to already, Colored outline, and follows the contours the... Driving till you reach the parking area outside no domes can be gauged from the digital camera scanner. Way to collect important slides you want to go to Kabul by Mahabat Khan to release husband! 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Original entrance to the Qila ( fort ) because outside the Pesh Imam prayer! Inside of the Mughal Empire activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant..