This can be done by taking softwood cuttings of nonflowering shoots in mid to late summer or by dividing plants in late winter or early spring. Photo by: Frank Richards / Millette Photomedia. They tend to be short-lived plants and will often need replenishment after a few seasons. the way of extra feeding and cosseting to bloom well, IME. It can grow up to 3 feet tall and is a native to the eastern US Great Plains. Penstemon tubaeflorus is a clump-forming, Missouri native perennial which occurs in dryish soils on prairies, limestone glades, open woods and along railroad tracks. (Zones 5-9; Height: 12 to 18 inches; Bloom time: Early to late summer), Native to Wyoming, Utah and western Colorado, this blue-flowered species thrives in rocky or gravelly soil but adapts well to soils in many parts of the country. A Dutch hybrid developed from Penstemon barbatus, ‘Red Riding Hood’ is a very showy, cold hardy Penstemon. In early summer, right after your spring bloomers have faded, they fill the garden with spires of foxglove-like flowers in hues ranging from soft pinks and lavenders to bold, fiery reds and electrifying blues. This hybrid selection forms a low clump of … It generally takes a year or two before seed-grown plants begin to bloom. Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. Only three feet high, this clump-forming perennial does well in full sun to … In Mexico, they bloom in August and September. Because of their tubular nectar-rich flowers, they are one of the best garden perennials for attracting hummingbirds, according to The Hummingbird Society, rivaling salvias, columbines, honeysuckles and other hummingbird favorites. The shape and color of the leaves vary depending on the cultivar. Shell-Leaf Penstemon (P. grandiflorus) Shell Leaf Penstemon is a large flowering variety that has tubular pink-lavender blooms. ‘Red Riding Hood’ is just one of seven colors in the Dutch-bred Riding Hood series, which also includes blue, delft blue, hot pink, lavender, marble cream, and purple. He also covers parenting, juvenile science experiments, cooking and alternative/home remedies. If you want to grow varieties that require the least amount of soil preparation and watering and will overwinter reliably, choose species that are native to your area and thrive in soil conditions and climates similar to yours. Remove the tip of the flowering stem just above a healthy set of leaves using clean, sharp pruning shears and discard it. The main difference is that ‘Mystica’s’ bronzy red foliage is longer lasting and stays attractive until frost, with the leaves turning an even richer red in fall and often persisting into early winter. Varieties with purple or reddish leaves will exhibit the best foliage color when grown in direct sunlight. Photo by John P. Weiser / Millette Photomedia, A native of California and the Southwest, with brilliant red hummingbird-magnet flowers and large, leathery evergreen leaves. Warmer areas and coastal climates with a less pronounced seasonal temperature variation will see their first flowers in mid- to late spring. ‘Red Riding Hood’ has an abundance of huge, white lipped, coral-red flowers from late spring through summer. (Zones: 4-8; Height: 1 to 3 feet; Bloom time: Early to midspring), One of the few that are fragrant, honey-scented light pink flowers are held high on spikes as tall as 6 feet. var theDate=new Date() Requires a well-drained soil. This plant produces dense spikes with bell-shaped blooms. They will bloom in June in the northern states and in July in Canada. Beard-tongues are native North American wildflowers, available in a surprising range of colours, heights and textures. They can be oval, lance-shaped or needlelike with colors ranging from green or blue-green to deep purple. Family: Scrophulariaceae Botanical Name: Penstemon eatonii Water Usage: Low Native to western Colorado, Penstemon mensarum (Grand Mesa Beardtongue) is an evergreen perennial boasting showy spires of brilliant cobalt blue flowers, a shade of blue rarely seen in gardens. Plant the seed at a depth of ¼ to ½ inch and keep the soil moist after planting for natural stratification to occur. Hybrids bred for garden conditions are not as drought tolerant as native species and may require watering during prolonged dry spells. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. A purple blush at the base of each floral “light bulb” only enhances the brilliant display, as does the attractive narrow evergreen foliage. Avoid soil amendments that hold moisture, such as peat moss and manure. Click here if you prefer to mix/match up to 6 species in a tray. More about the newsletter. Copyright The blooming time extends from summer to early fall. They perform well within U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 to 8. The amount of water you’ll need to give them will often depend on the water-holding capacity of your soil and the origin of the varieties you have chosen. The narrow lance-shaped leaves remain evergreen year-round. If you’re looking for a high-impact, long-blooming perennial with low water requirements and amazing diversity, penstemon, or beardtongue, is a top contender. Native to southern California, Arizona and Utah, it thrives in arid climates and dry, sandy soils. It is a simple process, but it must be done at the right time of year to give the divisions a good shot at survival. It’s also one of the longest-lived and one of the easiest to grow from seed. Flowers bloom in mid to late spring. Bloom Time: Mid Summer . Penstemons may be bothered by slugs, snails, and spider mites. On this page: Basics | Types | Growing Guide | Penstemon Pictures | Design Ideas. Developed in Nebraska, this tough cold-hardy hybrid is ideal for gardens in northern climates The plants form low clumps of deep green foliage, set off in early summer by tall spires of vibrant purple flowers with white throats and magenta veining. (Zones: 3-8; Height: 3 to 5 feet; Bloom time: May to June) Foothill penstemon (P. heterophyllus): A California native with glossy blue-green leaves and blue flowers on slender spikes. Penstemons do best in well-drained, slightly alkaline soil and will even grow in soils that are mostly sand or gravel. Too much water and excess nutrients can cause damage to the roots, which will create an ideal environment for infections as well as cause a decline in the plant's overall vigor. Many are easily grown from seed. Under ideal conditions, the plants will continue to bloom sporadically until late summer when they will experience a second, less spectacular flush of blooming before entering winter dormancy. ‘Red Riding Hood’Riding Hood SeriesP. Named the 1996 perennial plant of the year by the Perennial Plant Association, this is one of the few that tolerates moist soils and humid climates. Colder areas where the soil and air warms slowly in spring see the main flowering display around midsummer once temperatures have risen. The flowers fade fairly quickly, but the bloom season can be prolonged through careful pruning. Attractive glossy deep green foliage. At maturity the plant can reach 24-36” inches height and 15” wide. Beardtongues bloom on new growth, which emerges from the tips of the vertical stalks. It is easy to grow, medium water use, low maintenance plant. Penstemons need little pruning, but removing the stems after flowering is complete will often promote new foliage growth and a second flush of blooms. These are some of the most adaptable and widely available choices: A showy plant with erect spikes of 2-inch-long reddish-orange flowers and glossy lance-shaped leaves. Another variety with colorful foliage, ‘Husker Red’ features striking maroon-red leaves that rival the bronzy purple foliage of ‘Palace Purple’ heuchera. They will bloom in June in … Water Category: Average ... but the bed that its in is full of white-petaled penstemon that were here when I moved in, so I was confident of the conditions. Herbaceous. A 2-inch layer of organic mulch spread between the plants will help conserve water and keep weeds at bay, but a 1-inch gap must be left between the plant and the mulch layer to allow extra soil moisture to evaporate. Bloom time is late spring through early summer. Penstemon plants (Beardtongue) come in a variety of shapes, colors and bloom times to deliver texture and dimension to your garden across the seasons. Its purplish-white blooms appear in open clusters on the upper parts of the stems from May through July. Other common names include Mississippi Penstemon, Smooth White Beardtongue, Talus Slope Penstemon, and simply, Beardtongue. A full-time writer since 2007, Axl J. Amistaadt is a DMS 2013 Outstanding Contributor Award recipient. For hummingbird lovers, they offer another important attribute. The elegant trumpet-shaped flowers are white or pale pink with the inner surfaces often marked by violet-colored nectar guides. Native to southern New Mexico and eastern Arizona. For seed sources, visit the American Penstemon Society, which offers an online seed exchange program for members as well as a list of seed companies. Cultivars include 'Blue Springs' and ‘Electric Blue’. In addition to offering a broad palette of colors, these native wildflowers and their many cultivars come in many shapes and sizes, from dwarf varieties you can tuck into rock gardens to waist-high prairie plants that bring color and movement to the back of the border. resources Penstemon. Most cultivated beardtongues, also called bearded tongue plants, bloom in late spring and early summer, depending on the species. Beardtongue are long blooming and will do well in a drier climate; especially happy in loose gravelly soil and good drainage. The white flowers bloom for a month or longer, and look great with the blue flowers of Ohio Spiderwort and Blue Eyed Grass. Most species bloom during May and June in the middle latitudes of the U.S, according to the American Penstemon Society. The most common flower colors are shades of blue, purple, pink, white and red, some with distinctive veining and white throats. Selective pruning or deadheading encourages the production of fresh stem growth that will bloom again in late summer or early fall, according to Yerba Buena Nursery. Native to the Southwest, it grows best in dry climates. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) Spring Potted Plants (3-packs and trays of 38) ship when all plants are well-rooted and transit-ready, early May through June. In addition to hummingbirds, the flowers attract bees, butterflies and other pollinators. The blooms look great in a garden setting and ma… All Rights Reserved. Despite their reputation for ruggedness and self-sufficiency, beardtongues perform best and bloom most spectacularly when properly sited and provided with routine care. They are extremely sensitive to poorly draining soils and winter moisture. Younger penstemon plants also tend to flower more prolifically than older ones that have got a bit woody at the base. With so many colors to choose from, everyone can find a penstemon to love. Photo by: InfoFlowersPlants / Shutterstock. This is an excellent Penstemon for a big impact in well draining, full sun locations. Features white, two-lipped, tubular flowers (to 1.25" long) borne in panicles atop erect, rigid stems. When in bloom, they will attract Hummingbirds to your yard and flower beds. schmidel. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Penstemon blooms from February through April in Phoenix. Blooming for several weeks in late spring and early summer, they rise on upright stems well above a compact basal rosette. Commonly known as Hairy Beardtongue, this flower will grow 12-18″ tall (30-45 cm) in full sun or partial shade, with well draining soil that is slightly moist to dry. 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