Gina Dimuro is a New York-based writer and translator. He gave Rome a new name, Colonia Commodiana (Colony of Commodus), and imagined that he was the god Hercules, entering the arena to fight as a gladiator or to kill lions with bow and arrow. 9.) He took the throne as regent, but was killed by Maximus in the Colosseum. Share the best GIFs now >>> The assassination attempt marked a turning point in Commodus’ reign, for “once [he had] tasted human blood, he became incapable of pity or remorse.” He began executing people without regard for rank, wealth, or sex. In fact, the rule of Commodus might have gone down as quite unremarkable in the history of Rome were it not for one unfortunate incident. Commodus (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus; 31 August, 161 AD - 31 December, 192 AD), was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192.He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. Search, discover and share your favorite Gladiator GIFs. He was appointed co-emperor of Rome and ruled alongside his father when he was just 16 years old and became the sole emperor after the death of his father in 180 AD. The first, Sextus Tigidius Perennis, Commodus put to death after becoming convinced he was conspiring against him. He lived in the shadow of his father, hoping one day to become the Emperor, but all his dreams were crushed after knowing that his own father would choose Maximus instead of him. Commodus did nothing to save the head of his government. He was the brother of Princess Lucilla, and uncle of Lucius. Commodus was the son of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Commodus, in full Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, original name (until 180 ce) Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus, (born August 31, 161 ce, Lanuvium, Latium [now Lanuvio, Italy]—died December 31, 192), Roman emperor from 177 to 192 (sole emperor after 180). A gladiator (Latin: gladiator, "swordsman", from gladius, "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals. With the death of Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in March of 180 CE, the long reign of the five good emperors came to an end and with it so did the Pax Romana (the Roman Peace). Whatever its roots, the conspiracy failed and the incident aroused an insane paranoia in Commodus, who began seeing plots and treachery everywhere. And what could be more glorious than to challenge the Emperor himself in the great arena?” – Commodus. Commodus himself was the star attraction, and people rushed from all over Italy to witness the spectacle. Disappointment aside, Aurelius continued to promote Commodus through the ranks. [turns away from Commodus] Commodus: How dare you show your back to me! Lucius Aurelius Commodus was born to the philosopher/king and Faustina the Younger at Lanuvium, a city fourteen miles southeast of Rome on August 31, 161 CE. All a man can do is smile back. Dio notes that Commodus was a left-handed gladiator, a fact of which he was very proud. An illustration of the murder of Commmodus. After … Leaving his earthly body behind after an illness during a military campaign (scholars suspect the plague, not “fathercide” as the film Gladiator suggests), Commodus became the sole ruler of Rome at the ripe old age of 18 and the first thing he did was reduce the purity of Roman currency. Meanwhile, Commodus was lapsing into insanity. Kneel Before Me. Commodus is the main antagonist in the 2000 film, Gladiator. Commodus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192 CE) was the emperor of Rome between 180–192 CE. After battling with the Germans, the general Maximus, weary of battle, decides to retire at his Spanish farm estate at the Emperor's behest, but the Emperor tells him that Commodus is unfit to rule and thus appoints him as regent to help save Rome from corruption. Soon after he became sole ruler, Lucius changed his name to Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus. Every time he appeared in the arena, he charged his own people enormous sums for the privilege of seeing him, helping to bankrupt the Roman economy in the process. He appears to have won every bout he fought. Father … Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, is the main antagonist of the 2000 historic action film Gladiator. Commodus, the son and heir of the distinguished ‘ philosopher emperor’ Marcus Aurelius , was a failure as a Roman emperor.He was appointed co-emperor of Rome and ruled alongside his father when he was just 16 years old and became the sole emperor after the death of his father in 180 AD. It was rumored that he was actually the son, not of Marcus Aurelius, but of a gladiator whom his mother Faustina had taken as a lover at the coastal resort of Caieta. He executed the two would-be assassins along with a group of prominent senators who were also allegedly involved while Lucilla was exiled to Capri before also being killed on her brother’s orders a year later. In 186 he had his chief minister executed in order to appease the army; three years later he allowed the minister’s successor to be killed by a rioting crowd. Commodus would “enter the arena in the garb of Mercury and casting aside all his other garments, would begin his exhibition wearing only a tunic and unshod.”, As disgusted as the senators were by the sight of their emperor running around half-naked in the sands of the amphitheater, they were too terrified to do anything but play along. “A general who became a slave. The movie is far from historically accurate. Der Name Maximus Decimus Meridius sollte vorrangig gut klingen und war von der römischen Namensgebung her kompletter Unsinn. Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor had been waging for several years. Commodus wasn't as bad in real life as he was in either this film, though he did fight as a gladiator in the arena (though not to the death as it is portrayed here), and is actually best-known for being the last of the "Pax Romana", the Golden Age of Rome. He is often regarded as one of the Roman Empire's worst emperors since he brought Rome to decadence, leading to the Crisis of Third Century. Find GIFs with the latest and newest hashtags! Commodus, the son and heir of the distinguished ‘philosopher emperor’ Marcus Aurelius, was a failure as a Roman emperor. The emperor Titus Flavian completed the Colosseum and endeared himself to the public with his generosity only to have his good works undone by his brother Domitian, who was assassinated by his own court. Commodus ruled with chaos and left chaos in his wake. He would be the first emperor born while his father was the emperor and the last to inherit the throne as the previous five emperors (i… Lucius Aurelius Commodus, born 161 A.D., was appointed co-emperor by his father Marcus Aurelius in 177 A.D. when he was just 16 years old. Striking story! “Your fame is well deserved, Spaniard. The son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus wants to be seen as the most powerful Roman emperor of all time so he would be worshiped as a god. He appears to have won every bout he fought. Maximus: My name is Gladiator. fascinating facts from the entirety of ancient history. Commodus indeed led the troops in the wars on the Danube together with his father from AD 178, until the death of Marcus Aurelius in AD 180. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Maximus: [removes helmet and turns around to face Commodus] My name is Maximus Decimus Meridius, commander of the Armies of the North, General of the Felix Legions and loyal servant to the TRUE emperor, Marcus Aurelius. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. He also ruled as co-emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180. Anyone who caught the emperor’s attention risked also inadvertently invoking his wrath. Commodus (Lucius Aurelius Commodus Antoninus, 31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was Roman Emperor from 180 to 192. Not only were the senators and knights forced to attend whenever Commodus took to the sand, but they also had to chant: “You are lord and you are first, of all men most fortunate. Learn More: Triumphs and Flaws of Imperial Rome. There are myriad stories of Julius Caesar, Nero, Caligula, and then there’s Emperor Commodus, who set Rome on its road to ruin. As for … Commodus in the arena most often appeared as secutor – a heavily armed type of gladiator, equipped with a large shield (like scutum), a shoulder pad on the right hand, a closed helmet and sword. Commodus wasn't as bad in real life as he was in either this film, though he did fight as a gladiator in the arena (though not to the death as it is portrayed here), and is actually best-known for being the last of the "Pax Romana", the Golden Age of Rome. Jan 3, 2019 Ian Harvey (Photo By Getty Images) Ancient Rome was full of colorful characters. 2. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Commodus, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Commodus. He succeeded his father as Augustus after he killed him. A slave who became a gladiator. 4. Sources diverge on the origins of the conspiracy, with some claiming Lucilla was jealous of Commodus’ wife Crispina (incest between Commodus and Lucilla is suggested in Gladiator) while others maintain she saw the first warning signs of her brother’s mental instability. His reign is commonly considered to mark the end of the golden period in the history of the Roman Empire known as the Pax Romana.. They then sent in an athlete to strangle the 31-year old emperor in his bath. And so his reign is generally seen to have begun on the death of his father in AD 180. Those emperors who followed for the next century would witness a time of both chaos and decline. In Gladiator Lucius Commodus proclaims his desire to hold the Roman citizens to his bosom like a father. Commodus (/ ˈ k ɒ m ə d ə s /; 31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was Roman emperor with his father Marcus Aurelius from 177 until his father's death in 180, and solely until 192. So this type of duels usually didn’t end in death. Before his death, the Emperor chooses Maximus to be his heir over his own son, Commodus, and a power struggle leaves Maximus and his family condemned to death. With Tenor, maker of GIF Keyboard, add popular Gladiator Commodus animated GIFs to your conversations. The Romans found Commodus' naked gladiatorial combats to be scandalous and disgraceful. In the arena, Commodus won all fights, and his rivals gave up asking for mercy. Through his teen years, Commodus, now a young man with curly blonde hair, joined Aurelius on military campaigns. Wikimedia CommonsAn illustration of the murder of Commmodus. 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